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Developmental Disabilities Services Toolkit

Developmental Disability Services and Supports

Services and supports for people with developmental disabilities are provided at the county level by your local county board of developmental disabilities (CBDD). The CBDD determines eligibility, assesses your needs, and coordinates which services can best support you. Early Intervention (EI) services described later in this document are available for children birth to the age of three with developmental delays and disabilities.

You can find the contact information for your CBDD here. By reaching out to your CBDD, you will get information about what services a person might be eligible for, and what specific resources are available to you in your region.

Services that a CBDD may connect you to include:

  • Adult Day Support
  • Assistive Technology
  • Career Planning
  • Clinical & Therapeutic Intervention
  • Community Respite
  • Community Transition
  • Group Employment Support
  • Home & Personal Care Services
  • Medical Equipment & Supplies
  • Nursing
  • Shared Living
  • Remote Support
  • Transportation
  • Vocational Rehabilitation
  • Waivers
  • And more

 

Eligibility

To be eligible for services provided by the CBDD criteria must be met.

  1. A person must have a developmental disability
    • A person must have a developmental disability, defined as a severe and chronic disability that is likely to last a person's lifetime, and developed before the age of 22, and is due to "a mental or physical impairment or a combination of mental and physical impairments."
  2. A person must demonstrate functional limitations
    • Anyone who is six (6) or older must demonstrate a functional limitation in at least three of the following areas
      • Self-care
      • Receptive/expressive language
      • Learning
      • Mobility
      • Self-direction
      • Ability to live independently
      • Ability to provide financially for themselves (If the person is 16 or older)
    • For children ages 3-5, the child must have at least two developmental delays or established risks in having a developmental delay.
    • For individuals younger than 3, there must be the presence of one developmental delay or established risks in having a developmental delay.

Resources

  • OACB Life Map
    • Follow the journey of people supported by CBDDs. This informative booklet identifies a lifetime of services and supports for Ohioans with developmental disabilities supported by county boards. This guide also contains basic information about CBDDs, and a glossary of commonly-used acronyms and abbreviations used in the developmental disabilitiy system.
  • Children's/Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument
    • The Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument, or OEDI, records information about a person's abilities, and areas that they need support. This information is used to determine their eligibility for the services from the CBDD. The OEDI captures information about people 16 years old and older. The Children's OEDI, or COEDI, records information about children ages 6 to 15 years old.

Early Intervention (Children younger than 3)

Early Intervention, known as EI, is a statewide system that provides coordinated services to parents of eligible children under the age of 3 with developmental delays or disabilities. EI is part of the Help Me Grow system of supports.

EI is grounded in the philosophy that young children learn best from familiar people in familiar settings. Every family served in EI will have a local EI team that consists of a service coordinator, service providers, and their family.

A child's team works with the family in their home or other places they spend time to develop a coordinated plan called an Individualized Family Service Plan, or IFSP. The team will work through the plan, building upon existing supports and resources while discovering ways to enhance the child's learning and development.

Eligibility

To be eligible for EI services, a child must

  • Be younger than the age of 3.
  • Have a diagnosed condition that has a high probability in resulting in a developmental delay or disability (Dx condition on the approved list for form) or have a developmental delay of 1.5 standard deviation in one or more developmental domains (cognition, communication, physical, adaptive and social and emotional) documented through the administration of a standardized tool (Bayley or Battelle).

5 Things to Know About Early Intervention Eligibility

Resources

  • Ohio Early Intervention
    • Learn about Ohio's EI program.
  • Ohio Early Intervention- Families
    • Learn if you should be concerned about your child's development, and what you can expect in early intervention.
  • What is Early Intervention?
    • Learn about how EI is built on a developmental approach with a coordinated system of supports.
  • Referral for Services
    • Making a referral to Help Me Grow is the first and easy step for parents who have questions or concerns about their infant or child. One referral to Help Me Grow opens the door to many programs that support families, including Early Intervention, Home Visiting, Moms and Babies First, and the WIC Program. If you are not the child's parent, you may still make a referral. Help Me Grow will first contact the child's parent before proceeding. Referrals can be made at the link above or by calling 1-800-755-GROW.
  • Ohio Early Intervention Resources for Providers and Families
    • This directory includes resources covering a broad range of topics for early intervention staff and families: COVID-19, technology, daily needs, mental and emotional health, substance use and addiction, child welfare, and parenting.
  • EI County Contacts
    • To get more information about EI in your county, contact your contract manager or Family and Children First Council coordinator.
  • Family Experiences with Early Intervention
    • Learn how families have been supported by Early Intervention
  • BOLD Beginning
    • This website is the premier way for Ohio’s parents, grandparents, caretakers, teachers, and child care providers to access all things related to early childhood in Ohio’s state agencies.

Ohio Administrative Code (OAC)

State agencies adopt rules to carry out the policies and intent of laws passed by the General Assembly. Below you will find the OAC for: