501A type of subsidy from the State of Ohio, paid to a County Board of Developmental Disabilities, in order to serve people within the community.
ABDAged, Blind and Disabled. This is one category of eligibility for Medicaid.
Abuser RegistryThe Abuser Registry lists individuals who have committed abuse, neglect, misappropriation of funds, a failure to report an incident, or who have engaged in improper sexual relations with an individual who has a developmental disability.
Active TreatmentRefers to aggressive, consistent implementation of a program of specialized and generic training, treatment, and health services.
ADAThe Americans with Disabilities Act, enacted in 1990, prohibits discrimination against persons because of their disabilities. The ADA serves as a "comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities." The ADA targets three major areas: Title I - discrimination by employers; Title II - discrimination by governmental entities; and Title III - discrimination in public accommodations operated by private entities.
AdvocacyActivities in support of people with developmental disabilities including rights protection, legal and services assistance, and system or policy changes.
APSIAdvocacy and Protective Services Inc. is an agency that provides guardianship services to people with developmental disabilities, age 18 or older, who otherwise would not be able to advocate for themselves.
AssessmentA formal or informal evaluation of an individual's needs for supports and specialized services. Evaluation findings form the basis for determining an individual's level of care (LOC) and for writing a person's Individual  Support Plan (ISP).
Assistive Technology (AT)AT can be a device that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a person with a disability, or a service that directly assists a person with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. Examples of AT include augmentative communication devices which assist a person who cannot communicate through speech to communicate with others, as well as adaptive equipment which assists a person to write (e.g., an adapted pencil or arm brace), or move objects in the person's environment (e.g., a switch or remote control device).
Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)A developmental brain disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, difficulties in communicating, repetitive or habitual behavior, and other issues. Autism affects each individual differently and in varying degrees, and is referred to as autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

BCHPBureau of Community Health Plans
BCIIBureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation. This agency provides a criminal record check used to determine the eligibility of a person to be certified by DODD as a Medicaid service provider.
Behavioral Support  StrategiesStrategies included in person-centered plans that help enhance individuals' lives by reducing risk of harm to themselves or to others.
BSVIBureau of Services for the Visually Impaired
Buy-In OptionsThis is federal Medicaid reform that allows states to modify Medicaid eligibility rules that permit people with disabilities returning to work to secure extended Medicaid coverage, but also requires them to contribute toward such coverage, according to rules established by the State. See MBI-WD.
Card ServicesServices available through Ohio's Medicaid state plan to people who are determined eligible for Medicaid. .
CARFThe Council on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities is an independent international accreditor of health and human services that performs reviews regarding the quality of care in residential facilities. Successful surveys result in CARF Accreditation.
Case Manager (SSA -- see below).
CDJFSCounty Department of Job and Family Services. Ohio has 88 such departments, one in each county.
Cerebral PalsyCerebral Palsy is a functional disorder caused by damage to the brain during pregnancy, delivery, or shortly after birth. It is characterized by movement disorders, including spasticity (tight limb muscles), purposeless movements, rigidity (severe spasticity), lack of balance, or a combination of these disorders.
CFRCode of Federal Regulations.

CHIP/ SCHIPChildren's Health Insurance Program/State Children's Health Insurance Program. Also known as Healthy Start.
CMSThe Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services is the federal agency that administers Medicare and Medicaid, and regulates the certification of agencies and care facilities for people with developmental disabilities.
COEDI/ OEDIChildren's Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument (and Ohio Eligibility Instrument, OEDI), are tools used to determine the eligibility of persons for county developmental disabilities services.
COGCouncils of Government. COGs are regional collaborative networks that work together to provide more efficient services.
County Board of Developmental Disabilities (CBDD)County Boards of Developmental Disabilities are the 'front door' to services to people with disabilities, and are located in each of the 88 counties in Ohio. Powers and duties of this political subdivision are defined in ORC 5126.05.
County Board-eligibleRefers to persons who meet the eligibility requirements that permit a County Board of Developmental Disabilities to deliver services to them.
County Dispute ResolutionAn opportunity to dispute an action related to Medicaid or non-Medicaid services with a County Board of Developmental Disabilities, before a State Hearing.
CPTThe Cost Projection Tool is used to project the costs of services provided to individuals enrolled in the Individual Options, Level One, and SELF Waivers.
CYCalendar Year: From January 1 to December 31 of any year.
DBUDaily Billing Unit
Developmental Center (DC)An Intermediate Care Facility (ICF) for people who have intellectual or other developmental disabilities under the managing responsibility of the Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities. Ohio has ten DCs.
Developmental DelaysDevelopmental delays refer to conditions that represent a significant delay in the process of child development. The delays may involve cognitive, physical, communicative, social/emotional, and adaptive areas of development. Without intervention, these delays may affect the long-term educational performance of the child.
Developmental DisabilitiesConditions that may impair physical or intellectual/cognitive functions or behavior, and occur before a person is age 22.
DisabilityA mental or physical condition that is restricting or limiting, or interferes with various activities.
DOBDate of Birth
DODDThe Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities
DRADaily Rate Application: A program used in calculating Daily Billing Units.
DSM-VDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: A Medical reference book that lists and describes many developmental disabilities.
EDIElectronic Data Interchange.
EIEarly Intervention. Services for children from birth through age 2.
ETREvaluation Team Report
Family Support ServicesLocally-paid services, rather than waiver services.
FFPFederal Financial Participation. The portion of waiver payments reimbursed to Ohio from the U. S. Dept. of Health and Human Services.
FFYFederal Fiscal Year: From October 1 of one year to September 30 of the following calendar year.
FYFiscal Year. The time measurement used by state governmental agencies extends from July 1 of one year, to June 30 of the following calendar year.
GrandfatheredAllowing a person who was part of an old set of rules to be allowed under a new set of rules, as well. The person is said to be "grandfathered in."
HabilitationTraining in life skills, such as housekeeping, that have not been otherwise learned.
HCBS WaiverA Home and Community Based Services Waiver allows a person to get services in their homes, rather than in an intermediate care facility. 
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. The HIPAA Privacy Rule creates national standards to protect individuals' medical records and other Protected Health Information (PHI).
Home ChoiceA Medicaid-funded program that provides opportunities to older adults and persons with disabilities. Established in 2008, the program allows people leaving institutions to access additional funding to help make the transition to the community.
Home ModificationsAdaptations made to a home to allow for easier and safer access due to specific needs resulting from a disability. Sometimes referred to as 'Home Mods.'
ICD-10International Statistical Classification of Diseases -- a code used in the medical field to identify ailments and conditions.



Intermediate Care Facility for the Mentally Retarded (federal language): A Medicaid-funded residential facility that teaches living skills to help people live in less restrictive environments. The acronym ICFMR, while still in statutory language, now may be represented as ICF or as ICF-IID, which is updated language for Intermediate Care Facility for Individuals with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities.
IDEAThe Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) is a federal law that guarantees all eligible children with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21 (or until the child graduates) the right to a free and appropriate public education designed to meet their individual needs.
IDSIndividual Data System: A  data management system that  stores basic information for individuals served or supported by Ohio's DD service system, such as demographic data, and services received
IEPIndividualized Education Plan. It outlines the goals and objectives necessary to meet the educational needs of a person.
IHP or ISP or IPIndividual Habilitation Plan. Individual Service Plan. Individual Plan. These outline what type of supports individuals need to help them achieve desired outcomes and to maintain health and welfare. 
Intellectual Disability (ID)Updated terminology for mental retardation or developmental disability.
IO WaiverThe Individual Options Waiver is a home and community-based waiver that lets people receive the services they need in their own homes.
ISPIndividual Service Plan. Developed to identify specific services and supports needed and desired by an individual. The ISP describes all services and supports necessary, regardless of payment source, for a particular individual to maintain health and safety.. The ISP should explain how each support service is intended to meet a need, as indicated in the most recent assessment of the individual's functioning levels.
IWGAThe Interagency Work Group on Autism originally was convened by the Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities, to coordinate efforts among state agency partners so that the gifts, talents, wishes, and needs of Ohioans with Autism Spectrum Disorders are recognized, valued, and addressed.
JCARRJoint Committee on Administrative Rule Review: The legislative committee that reviews and approves all departmental non-emergency rules before they can become effective.
Job CoachIn supported employment, a Job Coach provides one-on-one training to an individual on a worksite until that individual is able to complete tasks to the employer's satisfaction. As the worker becomes proficient, the Job Coach spends less time training the worker and is available when needed to assist with retraining and other support the worker might need.

Level 1 Waiver
Level One Waiver

This waiver offers several different services with set spending limits. Some limits can be changed with prior approval from the local County Board of Developmental Disabilities.
LOCLevel of Care is the criteria for determining an individual's eligibility for enrollment in a waiver administered by DODD or for admission to an ICF. 
MBI-WD or MBIMedicaid Buy-In for Workers with Disabilities. A program to help people with disabilities who work keep their Medicaid coverage and not lose their benefits.
MBSMedicaid Billing System.
Medicaid Case NumberThis is a ten-digit, permanent identification number assigned by the Ohio Department of Medicaid to an individual's file.
Medicaid MatchThe federal government requires that the state/local government match federal government funds for Medicaid reimbursement services. In Ohio, this is about 60 percent federal and 40 percent state matching funds.

Mental Retardation

(Also see Intellectual Disability or Developmental Disability)

Mental retardation is a developmental disability. Use of the terminology is fading from usage except for medical diagnoses and federal statutory language.  Preferred terms are 'intellectual disability', 'cognitive disability', or the broader term, 'developmental disability.' Mental Retardation is clinically defined as, 'significantly below-average general intellectual functioning (IQ 70-75 or below), existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior, and manifested before the age of 22.
MERMedicaid Eligibility Rate
MHMental Health.
MI/DDMental Illness/Developmental Disabilities. Previously the 'dual diagnosis' reference was MR/MH, an acronym fading from usage and referring to "Mental Retardation/ Mental Health."
MUIMajor Unusual Incident: The reporting system mandated by Ohio law that sets procedures to review and report allegations of abuse, neglect, and other potentially serious incidents that involve people served in the state's Developmental Disabilities system.
NCINational Core Indicators: Nationally-recognized performance and outcome indicators that enable developmental disabilities policy makers to benchmark the performance of their state against the performance of other states. NCI also enables each participating state agency to track system performance and outcomes year-to-year.
NFNursing Facility. A residential facility that is established pursuant to section 1919 (a) - (d) of the Social Security Act, to provide Medicaid-funded services.
NICSNotification of Individual Change in Status. This form is used to document various changes to an individual's status including county-to-county transfers and others.
OACOhio Administrative Code. The Administrative Code contains the full text of, or a reference to, every rule that has been adopted by the agencies of state government. A rule is a formal, written communication of the law that has been established by an agency under a statute that authorizes the agency to adopt rules.
OACBDDThe Ohio Association of County Boards of Developmental Disabilities represents all 88 Ohio County Boards of Developmental Disabilities. (Full name is Ohio Association of County Boards Serving People with Developmental Disabilities.)
OBMOffice of Budget and Management. OBM develops, coordinates and monitors the individual budgets of state agencies and reviews all financial transactions made with public funds.
OCALIOhio Centers for Autism and Low Incidence: OCALI specifically focuses on the needs of individuals who have Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other developmental disabilities with a low-incidence in the general population -- some of which are newly-emerging, or newly-identified.
ODDPThe Ohio Developmental Disabilities Profile is an assessment tool for individuals enrolled on the Individual Options (IO) Home and Community Based Waiver.
ODEOhio Department of Education.
ODHOhio Department of Health.
ODJFS or DJFSOhio Department of job and Family Services
ODMOhio Department of Medicaid
OEDIThe Ohio Eligibility Determination Instrument for ages 16 and over is a test to determine the eligibility of persons for state and county Developmental Disabilities services.
OHPOhio Health Plans. An office in the Department of Job and Family Services. This may be more complicated now with the Affordable Care Act?
Olmstead v. LCA U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1999 that found that people with disabilities have rights to services in the least restrictive environment.
OOTFOhio Olmstead Task Force: An organization that advocates for community-based services.
OhioMHASIn 2013 the Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services was merged with the former state Mental Health agency to form a combined agency named Ohio Mental Health and Addiction Services (OhioMHAS)
OPRAOhio Provider Resource Association: An organization of providers of developmental disabilities services.
ORCOhio Revised Code. Contains the laws of the State of Ohio.
OSDAOhio Self-Determination Association.  An advocacy organization comprised of self advocates whose goal is to help people with disabilities achieve greater independence and exercise choices in their lives.
P.L.A.Y.Play and Language for Autistic Youngsters is a program of play and parental coaching developed by Dr. Richard Solomon of Ann Arbor, Michigan, to help children emerge from the 'shell' of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and to choose and enjoy social interactions.
PAR Professionals, Advocates, Resources: PAR is an organization assisting in the development of professionals, advocates, and resources within Ohio's developmental disabilities community.
Part C, MedicarePart of Medicare that allows for private insurance to contract with the federal government to offer Medicare benefits through their own policies.
Part D, MedicareSection of the Medicare program that covers the cost of prescription medications.
PASRRPre-Admission Screening Resident Review. The system used to determine eligibility for nursing facility placement and/or specialized services.
PASSPORTPre-Admission Screening System Providing Options and Resources Today. A waiver available to people over the age of 60 who meet certain requirements.
PAWSPayment Authorization for Waiver Services. The form that authorizes payment for HCBS (see glossary)waiver services.
PCPPerson Centered Planning emphasizes the needs and choices of the individual when planning services.
People FirstAn advocacy organization that directly involves people with disabilities in a variety of local, state, and national issues, projects, and programs.
PHIProtected Health Information: The type of personal information protected under HIPAA.
PICTPreliminary Implementation Component Tool: A tool used by County Boards and DODD to identify and allocate capacity on Home and Community-Based waivers administered by the Department.
ProviderA person or agency that delivers services to people.
Provider AgreementA contract between ODM and a provider of Medicaid services in which the provider agrees to comply with the terms of the provider agreement, ODJFS, state, and administrative code.
RedetRedetermination. Reassessment of an individual's continued eligibility for waiver services.
Residence CountyCounty where a person lives -- used in forms preparation.
DODD NumberAssigned by DODD Information Systems for identification. Twice yearly, each County Board reports what services, if any, each eligible person residing in that county has received.
Residential Advisory GroupA statutorily-mandated component of Supported Living administration, which requires a County Board of DD to convene a group to provide input and discuss issues relative to the operation of supported living in the county.
SCHIPAlso referred to as CHIP, SCHIP stands for State Children's Health Insurance Program. Also may be referred to as Healthy Start.
Self-AdvocacyPeople with developmental disabilities, either individually or in groups, speaking or acting on behalf of themselves, or on behalf of issues that affect people with disabilities.
Self-DeterminationAn initiative built on the principles of freedom, authority, support, responsibility, and confirmation. Self-Determination gives people with disabilities the freedom to decide how they will live, work, and participate in the community; the authority to decide how funds allocated to them will be spent; the supports that will allow that person to lead the life they choose; the responsibility of assuring that the money they are using is spent in a useful and appropriate manner; and inclusion in the process of making life decisions and designing the system to help them.
Service Coordinator(SSA - see below)
SLSupported Living.
SNSkilled Nursing.
SNFSkilled Nursing Facility.
SPAState Plan Amendment.
SSAA Service and Support Administrator (SSA), also called a Service Coordinator or Case Manager, works with individuals and providers of services to coordinate services. The SSA should provide the family with the resources and support to ensure that their family member with a disability receives services that are essential to their well-being..
SSDISocial Security Disability Insurance. The plan pays monthly benefits to disabled workers and their dependents. The plan is funded by Social Security. Participants must have accrued sufficient quarter-years of employment and payment into the system to qualify for benefits.
SSISocial Security Income. The federal government provides income support to people 65 and over, and adults and children with blindness or other disabilities who have few or no financial resources.
SSNSocial Security Number.
State HearingAn opportunity to dispute an action related to Medicaid, before a hearing officer from ODJFS.
State PlanDescribes the services available in Ohio through the Medicaid card.
Supported EmploymentPaid employment in community settings for persons with disabilities who need ongoing support to perform their work. Support can include on-the-job training, transportation, or supervision.
Supported LivingSupported Living is a service model based on principles that emphasize a person's choice, self-determination, and community integration.
TANFTemporary Aid to Needy Families.
Tax EquityState funding available to economically disadvantaged areas.
TBITraumatic Brain Injury.
TCMTargeted Case Management is the coordination of specialized services for an individual that helps them get the needed services, evaluates if the services are appropriate and monitors them. TCM is a Medicaid-reimbursed service,
The LeagueOhio League for the Mentally Retarded: This organization is now referred to simply as 'The League'. It is an advocacy organization for people with developmental disabilities.
Transition PlanningTransition Planning is a coordinated set of activities focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of a student with disabilities to promote the student's movement from school to post-school activities. For students with disabilities, transition planning occurs during an Individualized Education Program (IEP) meeting.
Waiver refers to a Home and Community-Based Waiver approved by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).  Waivers are used to support individuals who choose to receive services in the community instead of an institution, such as an Intermediate Care Facility (ICF).
Waiver SpanA consecutive 365 days, during which an individual's waiver is expected to be authorized.