Seven Essential Elements of a Person-Centered Plan

The Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities developed the Seven Essential Elements of Person-Centered Planning through a collaboration of several divisions. A quality, well-written person-centered plan includes and considers all seven elements. Please note that the elements do not include all aspects of person-centered planning, as there are additional rules that affect this work.

Below each of the elements are suggested resources, tools, and information to choose from when looking at person-centered planning. They are optional. If you have a resource you would like the department to consider adding to this page, please email

Click here to download the Seven Elements document.
A person-centered plan has language that is descriptive, respectful, and empowering. It uses everyday words that the person at the center of planning, those important to the person, and providers can understand.
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In a person-centered plan, what’s important to and important for the person is specific, detailed, and reflected in outcomes and services.
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Rituals and Routines Survey (Word document)
In a person-centered plan, outcomes are clear and action steps describe how progress will be measured. 
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A person-centered plan includes a clear description of services and supports necessary to address the person's needs and preferred method for delivery.  
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The Donut (Word document)
Decision Tree (Word document)

Medicaid services include service type, scope, amount, frequency, duration, and provider type.